How To Share Local Drives and Folders with a Guest OS in VMWare Workstation

VMware Workstation provides an important facility to share local drives and folders of Host OS with Guest OS so that your virtual machine can easily access data from you Host OS/PC. This saves a lot of time.  To share drives and folders, you must have the most recent version of VMware Tools installed in the Guest OS.  Lets have a look we are going to add folder/drive in Virtual Machine Control Panel. Here, I am demonstrating to share/map my Download folder from host to Windows 8  Guest VM.

Select Virtual Machine in VMware Workstation>>Click on VM Option>>Choose Setting

(Ctrl+D is shortcut keys to launch settings)

Then Select Option Tab>>Click Always Enable if you want permanently share the drive into Guest OS or can choose Enable until Power Off/Suspend for temporary availability.>>Click Add

Sharing Wizard will popup Click Next>>

Browse and Select the drive/folder what you want inside your Guest OS. 

I am selecting Download Folder as I have described above.

Selection would be like this, Click on Next.

If you want to check Read only Option, Check it here.  This will restrict  your sharing into Read Only permissions.

Now, I have share Download Folder as Mapped network drive in Guest OS.

Great!, You can see, My Download folder of Host OS is not mapped/share in my Windows 8 Guest OS.

Thank You. Please comment if you found any difficulty/problem.

How To Install Windows 8 on Virtual machine

Microsoft  has launched  beta version or consumer preview of  windows 8 . Everyone is eager to get their hand on Windows 8 which is evident from the fact that it has been downloaded one billion times since its launch(February 29, 2012). Microsoft has integrated various new features like Metro UI, apps store, alarm etc in it. Along with windows 8 Microsoft has also launched new file system ReFS(Resilient File System) also known as Photogon which is currently available on windows 8 server.

Features of Windows 8

  1. Instead of Start Menu orb there is a charm bar on the Desktop screen.
  2. Along with text password there is also option for picture password.
  3. New applications have been added to enhance Social Networking and Email experience.
  4. One of the main aspects of Windows 8 is its performance and speed.

What is a Virtual Machine?

Installing two or more than two operating systems and to run them parallel on a single machine was impossible, but with the launch of virtual machines like VirtualBox and Vmware it became possible.It is an open source freeware tool that can run a full copy of an operating system along with application softwares.You can run multiple operating system including Windows, Linux, Unix,Mac on a single machine parallel but with distributed memory system. It contains its own virtual Ram, Hard disk and network interface card(NIC).

It is better to install Windows 8 on virtual machine instead of creating a dual boot if you don’t intend to use it as your main Operating System.

Advantages of Using Virtual Machine

  1. Compatibility: Virtual machines are compatible with all standard x86 computers
  2. Isolation: Virtual machines are isolated from each other as if physically separated
  3. Encapsulation: Virtual machines encapsulate a complete computing environment
  4. Hardware independence: Virtual machines run independently of underlying hardware

System Requirements to Install Windows 8 on Virtual machine

  • Processor: 1 gigahertz (GHz) or faster
  • RAM: 2 gigabyte (GB) (32-bit) or 2 GB (64-bit)
  • Hard disk space: 16 GB (32-bit) or 20 GB (64-bit)
  • Graphics card: Microsoft DirectX 9 graphics device or higher

How To Install Windows 8 on Virtual Machine

Download the ISO image of Windows 8 From Here (Product Key : DNJXJ-7XBW8-2378T-X22TX-BKG7J)

First things first. VMware Workstation is not free. However, you can get VMware Workstation on a 30-day trial. To do this, you need to get a product key from VMware. This is a little bit annoying, but worth it (and definitely better than paying $199.99 for a license just to check out software).

Latest VMware player is the also option here which is totally free  but I will install on VMware Workstation. There is no big difference creating or maintaining virtual machines both of these products of VMware.

You can also install Windows 8 on Oracle’s Virtualbox, which is completely free.

Create New Virtual Machine

Run VMware Workstation 8. Click “Create a New Virtual Machine”, and a new window will pop up (below).

What type of configuration for your VM? – Choose “Typical” here.

Click Next.

Guest Operating System Installation. – Here you are expected to provide a source for your Operating System installation, so this would be either a CD/DVD or ISO image. If you had a Windows 7 DVD, for example, VMWare would recognize the version and would make the process even easier than it already is to complete.

VMware does not recognize the consumer preview of Windows 8 yet, however. To avoid possible problems with Setup, here we are going to choose the third option; “I will install the Operating System later.”

Click Next.

Select a Guest Operating System. – To automate certain things, VMware asks you to select which Guest Operating System you want to Install. Select Microsoft Windows, and for the Version, select “Windows 7” if installing the x86 / 32-bit version of the Windows 8 Consumer Preview, or “Windows 7 x64” if installing the x64 / 64-bit version of the Windows 8 Consumer Preview.

Click Next.

Name the Virtual Machine / Provide Location. – You can name your Virtual Machine anything you want, since the name only matters to VMware anyway (it’s not the same as naming your OS installation later on). As for the Location, this can be any folder on any disk where you can provide at least 20GB space, if needed (see next step for more info).

If you have more than one physical drive connected to your computer (directly, not USB), it might be a good idea to store your Virtual Machine files in a directory on a different physical disk than your Host operating system is installed. In our case, we can’t, so we just opt for “C:Win8”. You can use any blank Directory (folder) you choose.

Click Next.

Specify Disk Capacity. – VMware will suggest 60GB for Windows 7. You do not need that much just to test out the Consumer copy of Windows 8.    I will choose 30GB, but 20GB will be just fine.

NOTE: This does not mean 20GB hard disk space will be used up immediately. (This will increase dynamically if you want to allocate the whole space what you type then check the option given here “Allocate All Space Now”).  This is the maximum amount of storage space the Guest OS is allowed to use on your hard drive. Even though you might set it to 20GB, only around 6-7GB will actually be used up upon installation. What you specify here is just the maximum space it can utilize.

We also suggest that you opt to “Store Virtual Disk as a Single File,” for performance reasons.

Click Next.

Hardware – Memory. – The next thing you need to do is specify some hardware settings for your Virtual Machine. For memory, you will need to set at least 1GB (1024MB) for the x86 installation, or 2GB (2048MB) for the x64 installation.

Now click Processors.

Hardware – Processors. – If you have a single-core processor, you can leave the number of processors at 1, and number of cores at 1. If you have a dual-core processor, as we do on the test system, then set “Number of cores per processor,” to 2.

Now click CD/DVD.

Hardware – CD/DVD/ISO. – If we were to boot your Virtual Machine now, it would have nothing to do, it would just stop at “Operating System Not Found,” so we need to specify some media to boot from.

Under Connection, select “Use ISO image file”. Click Browse, and navigate to the directory where you saved the ISO image containing the Windows 8 Consumer Preview installation. Double click the ISO file when you find it to select it.

Now when you power on your Virtual Machine, that ISO image will be mounted to a virtual CD/DVD drive, and once the VM finds nothing on the virtual hard drive, it will proceed to boot from the virtual CD/DVD drive instead.

Click Close.

Power on your Virtual Machine. – You will now see your Virtual Machine, powered Off, in VMware Workstation. Click “Power on this Virtual Machine” and wait for the installation to commence.

Some things to remember…

  • Double click inside Virtual Machine, tap CTRL + ALT + ENTER to go Full Screen mode.
  • CTRL + G allows you to input data directly to VM.
  • CTRL + ALT + ENTER also exits full screen.
  • To unlock your Keyboard / Mouse from VM, hold CTRL + ALT outside of Full Screen.

Install Windows. – Select your Language, Time and Currency Format and Keyboard or input method.

Click Next

Put The License Key Provide In This Article

Click Next

After you make your selection, click Next, then click “Install Now”, when the option appears. You will get a License information screen, accept the License Agreement and click Next.

What type of installation do you want?. – Since your VMware is acting like a fresh OS-less PC, click the Custom option, which will install a new copy of Windows.

Where do you want to Install Windows?. – Well obviously there is only one option, so select that.

Click Next.

Windows Installation Process. – The Windows Installation Process does not ask you for anything else before proceeding to setup an account and change some settings. This is actually a pretty fast installation, taking just over 10 minutes for us to complete.

Still, the amount of time you will be waiting depends on your own hardware and the resources available to VMware. The Virtual Machine will reboot several times, and will appear to be doing nothing at least once. Just wait.

Name Your PC. – The first thing you need to do is name your PC. You cannot use special characters or spacing. Also, remember that your PC cannot have the same name as your user account.

When done, click Next.

Use Express Settings?. – Express Settings are typical security settings, network settings etc. You can take the extra step of clicking Customize to turn any off that you want. Some users, for example, won’t want to send information to make “Windows and location services better.”

Either click Express Settings now, or Customize.

Use Windows Live Address?. – There are two ways to use an account in Windows 8, one is through using your Windows Live Account (much like Xbox Live), or if you would prefer not to, then you can create a local account. Either enter an email address here for Windows Live services or click, “Don’t want to login on Windows Live ID?”.

Create a Local Account. – You will be given the chance again here to create a Windows Live account (which you can always do later) or opt to Create a Local Account.

Click “Local Account”.

Local Account Details. – Here you will have the chance to pick a User Name, set a Password and a Password Reminder.

When you have done that click Next.

Now Windows will go into a cycle of Finalizing settings for you (might reboot). After this is done, it will automatically log you in.

First Metro UI Appearance. – If you are now at the Metro UI, congratulations, everything has gone fine so far. You can now click the button below the Window indicating that you have finished the Installation (yellow bar below the Virtual Machine window in VMware).

You will notice however that your sound is (probably) not working, your screen resolution is (probably) very low and your (probably) aspect ratio is probably wrong. So to make this look “good” and work properly, it is vital to install the VMware Tools.

To do this, we need to get out of Metro UI and back to the traditional Desktop. Click the “Desktop” tile in the Metro UI and it will load a Windows 7-like Desktop.

VMware Tools Installation. – Now that you are on the Windows 8 Consumer Preview Desktop, we need to install the VMware tools. To do this, move your cursor to the top of the screen and to the VM menu.

Click VM and then click Install VMware Tools. You will get a pop-up window, so just confirm you want to install the tools and continue.

Run the VMware tools Setup. – To insall the VMware Tools, VMware will emulate an installation CD within your Guest operating system. Windows 8 will NOT load the setup automatically, and chances are you will miss the notification that a disc has been inserted completely.

Therefore, you need to manually run the Setup program. To do that, open Windows Explorer in the traditional Desktop (click the Folder on the Taskbar).

In the Address Bar, type Computer and hit Enter. You will now see the information on the drives connected to your Virtual Computer. The CD/DVD drive will be shown as VMware disc.

Right click it, and click “Play Autorun”. and then from the options that appear, click Run Setup.

You will get a UAC prompt that you need to accept, and after that the Setup should load (you might need to minimize Explorer to see it.)

Typical Installation. – Choose to Install the VMware tools in the installer that appears. You will be asked to sepcify a Typical, Complete or Custom installation. All you will need to select here is Typical (you can always re-install / remove tools later if need be).

Select “Typical” and click Next.

The VMware Tools installation will take a few minutes. Your screen will probably go black several times as the Video driver is being installed. Once it has completed, you will need to restart your system as prompted.

Success? – The boot right after the VMware installation might take some extra time to complete, but just hang in there. If all went well, you should now see the Metro UI appear in a higher resolution.

That’s it. You now have the Windows 8 Consumer Preview installed in VMware Workstation, so have fun.

Please keep comments below for questions / tips on the information provided here. If you want to comment on whether or not you like Windows 8.